controlling the Rumanian oil-plants., although turned out by the Germans
were not allowed to take over their property, while all the plant machinery
was removed to Russia without delay. Within a few months a Communist
Government had been installed in Rumania.
In the case of Bulgaria, envoys were actually on their way to Cairo
seeking peace terms from the Democracies since they, Britain and United
States, not Russia,were at war with her, when Moscow suddenly challenged
Bulgaria, and proclaimed a state of war with that country. Two hours
before its publication London and Washington received Moscow's Note
informing them of this fact, and the Red Array entered ihat territory.
Several American and British Officers and officials who had already arrived
in Sofia as the result of the latter's previous negotiations with the Allies,
were expelled unceremoniously by the Russians. On October 28, Russia
dictated armistice terms which had the effect of placing Bulgaria entirely
within her power. A * purge ? was immediately executed and the top
layer of Bulgaria's ruling class was wiped out.
At Teheran, Churchill and Stalin had agreed on a joint policy with
regard to Yugoslavia, but the Soviet's Marshal Tito, whom the British
had supported in preference to General Mikhajlovich [and supplied
abundantly with war material, now contemptuously ignored the English.
It must have been obvious to Churchill that no words could stern this
Russian flood towards the edge of the Mediterranean area, for Tito
was already talking of Trieste, of a Balkan Federation, allied with the
Soviet Union. Churchill went to Quebec seeking the advice and help
of Roosevelt regarding the situation which had arisen and then continued
his journey to Moscow. Poland was the corner of the world over which
he was willing to make concessions, and he called on Mikolajczyk to follow
him to Russia as an offering with which to appease the Kremlin war-lord.
In the meantime, Tito e invited ' the Soviets to visit his country and the
Red Army troops marched into Yugoslavia. Amid great publicity in the
British press, a small British force landed on the Adriatic coast at Daimatia,
so small indeed that it was merely symbolical . . . then suddenly,
nothing more was heard. The American press, however, was able to
inform its readers that the British who had landed in Daimatia with the
intention of aiding the people of Yugoslavia in their struggle against the
invader, had been encircled by Tito's troops . . . and disarmed. Faced
with first fighting their hosts, and afterwards helping them in the common
fight against the common foe, the British gave in and after some argument
with Tito's representatives, were allowed to re-embark and leave those
' friendly' shores.
Already in October, Moscow had demanded oil concessions in the
northern part of Persia from the Persian Government, i.e., from those
areas under the Soviet occupation since 1942. When the Persian Govern-
ment, supported by the British—refused, it was ousted by Moscow and
replaced with one more amenable. The Americans, who tried amicably